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Home > Blog > Checkbook Control - History

Checkbook Control - History

Self-directed IRA

1974 – ERISA (Employee Retirement Income Security Act) is enacted, thus enabling the financial product known as the IRA to come into being.

1990s – Responding to consumer pressure for investment choice in their IRAs, a number of trust companies that allow for self-direction enter the IRA arena.

1996 – Previously, James Swanson had established a special purpose entity for his self-directed IRA and appointed himself as the non-compensated manager. This gave him the power of total checkbook control. The IRS challenges the structure, but the court rules decidedly in Swanson’s favor.

2001 – The IRS formalizes the Checkbook IRA by issuing an FSA (Field Service Advisory) which informs its agents as to the permissibility of the structure.

Solo 401k

1978 – Congress passes the Tax Reform Act. This legislation expands Section 401 of the Internal Revenue Code and includes paragraph (k) which lets employees designate a portion of their income as “deferred compensation”. This provides a tax break for those preparing for retirement.

1980 – Ted Benna drafts the first “401k” pension plan.

2001 – Congress passes EGTRRA (Economic Growth and Tax Relief Reconciliation Act), which amends the law governing 401k plans. These changes encourage self-employed persons to enjoy the advantages of 401k plans without the typical administrative costs and burdens. The Solo 401k is born.

2006 – Congress passes PPA (Pension Protection Act) which permanently extends the use of the Roth (tax-free) component as part of annual contributions made to 401k plans.

2009 – Broad Financial introduces The Ultimate Solo 401k®, its IRS approved Solo 401k plan, which allows for complete checkbook control.

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